The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) was established under Regulation 1406/2002/EC for the purpose of ensuring a high, uniform and effective level of maritime safety, maritime security prevention of and response to pollution caused by ships as well as response to pollution caused by oil and gas installations. The Agency, as part of its core tasks, shall assist the Commission and the Member States in the effective implementation of relevant binding legal acts. Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels (Sulphur Directive) is one of the binding legal acts directly linked to the prevention of pollution by ships which is one of the main objectives of the Agency.
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